Genres of music
Genres of music
- A religious piece for a choir
- Music from the Baroque period, played by an orchestra and a group of soloists.
- Often includes a harpsichord.
- NOT the same as a concerto
- Music written for, and played by, four instruments: 1 harpsichord, 2 violins, 1 cello.
- Similar to an opera but with a sacred text, so tells a religious story
- A musical drama, completely sung throughout, to tell a story. Including:
- Aria - A piece for a solo voice and an orchestra
- Chorus - A piece for the main chorus, or choir, with an orchestral accompaniment
- Ensemble - A piece for a group of soloists and the orchestra
- Recitative - A sung solo punctuated by chords
- Concertos are composed for an orchestra with one solo instrument.
- They usually have 3 movements, arranged fast-slow-fast.
- Developed from the concerto grosso, concertos were first used in the classical period.
- Famous composers of concertos include:
- A group made up of a piano, a violin and a cello
- A piece written for a solo instrument with a piano accompaniment
- eg. A violin sonata is played by a violin and a piano
- A group of 2 violins, 1 viola and 1 cello.
- Also a piece of music written for that group
- Symphonies are usually formed using three movements, whilst in the 1940s, a fourth movement was added.
- The movements are usually ordered slow-fast-slow with the last movement often taking the form of a minuet.
- It usually encompasses the whole orchestra, without solo instruments.
- Famous composers of symphonies include:
- Johann Stamitz
- J.S.Bach's two sons
- A secular piece (not sacred or religious) for a choir.
- Usually has "fa la la"s in it